Epidermis: Outermost Layer
This layer provides a waterproof barrier, contains your pores and is the first line of defense against environmental elements such as UV rays, bacteria, germs, pollution and more. It is also responsible for renewing your cells . The epidermis contains cells that create and store keratin, the protein that strengthens skin, cells that produce melanin which determines your skin tone as well as cells which can mutate and result in cancers.
Dermis: Middle Layer
This layer contains tough connective tissue, hair follicles and our sweat glands. Blood vessels located here help supply your skin with fresh blood carrying the oxygen and nutrients it needs to be healthy. The dermis also produces collagen and elastin, which are responsible for the shape, structure, firmness, and elasticity of your skin. Oil glands in the dermis also help to keep our skin smooth and soft
Hypodermis: Bottommost Layer
This layer comprises of fat and connective tissue which is used for energy, cushioning, and insulation.
How to take care of the layers in your skin?
- Cleanse your face twice a day to remove dirt, oil and bacteria which can clog your pores. If you workout or sweat heavily you should also wash your face after that.
- Get around 8 hours of sleep every night so your skin can restore and repair itself, to produce more collagen and elastin.
- Incorporate antioxidants such as Vitamin C and green tea into your routine to help combat free radical damage.
- Moisturise daily to hydrate and nourish your skin to prevent wrinkles and fine lines from forming. Try looking for moisturisers that contain ceramides and hyaluronic acid.
- Wear sunscreen to prevent premature ageing and skin damage that may result in cancer, dehydration and free radical formation.
- Remove makeup before bed to ensure that you do not trap oil, impuritis, sweat and dirt in your pores while you sleep as this may result in irritated skin and breakouts.