Eczema is a condition in which patches of skin become inflamed, itchy, cracked, and rough. Some types can also cause blisters. This condition weakens your skin’s barrier function, which is responsible for helping your skin retain moisture and protecting your body from outside elements.
Eczema is a type of dermatitis. Dermatitis is a group of conditions that cause skin inflammation. Certain foods, such as nuts and dairy, can trigger symptoms of eczema. Environmental triggers can include smoke, pollen, soaps, and fragrances. Eczema is not contagious. Some people outgrow the condition, while others will continue to have it throughout adulthood.
Symptoms of Eczema
The symptoms of eczema can vary depending on a person’s age and the condition’s severity and can vary by individual. People with the condition will often experience periods of time when their symptoms worsen, followed by periods of time when their symptoms will improve or clear up.
In most cases eczema symptoms are mild. The most common symptoms of eczema include:
- Dry, scaly skin
- Skin flushing
- Open, crusted, or weeping sores
People with severe eczema may need more intensive treatment to relieve their symptoms. Continuous rubbing and scratching can also lead to skin infections.
Treatments for Eczema
There is currently no cure for eczema. Treatment for the condition aims to heal the affected skin and prevent flares of symptoms. Doctors will suggest a treatment plan based on an individual’s age, symptoms, and current state of health.
There are several things that people with eczema can do at home to support skin health and alleviate symptoms.
They could try:
- taking lukewarm baths
- applying moisturiser within 3 minutes of bathing to “lock in” moisture
- moisturising every day
- wearing cotton and soft fabrics
- avoiding rough, scratchy fibres and tight fitting clothing
- using a humidifier in dry or cold weather
Some moisturising products that are eczema-skin friendly would include, CeraVe Itch Relief Moisturizing Cream, CeraVe Eczema Creamy Oil, PHYSIOGEL Calming Relief A.I Restoring Lipid Balm and PHYSIOGEL Calming Relief Anti-Redness Day Cream.